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  • #67. 🈚️ Japan says no copyright for AI training data | 🔋 1000 km battery | 🥺 Waymo driverless car kills dog

#67. 🈚️ Japan says no copyright for AI training data | 🔋 1000 km battery | 🥺 Waymo driverless car kills dog

PLUS: ChatGPT-4 used for medical records | Generative AI to radically alter law practice | 2 heat pumps for 25,000 houses | self-propelled EV mining trains | Luminar & Plus LiDAR/AI-powered trucking | Elon dismisses GM's Cruise


  • Japan has declared that it will not enforce copyrights for training generative artificial intelligence (AI) programs, in a first such statement of its kind.

  • The country's minister of education, culture, sports, science, and technology, Keiko Nagoaka, said that AI companies can use any data for "information analysis," irrespective of the source or purpose.

  • The move has implications for copyright holders, as their work can be used without consent or compensation in AI training, a concern especially for photographers and artists whose work is widely available online.

  • On the other hand, this development could be advantageous for AI companies, such as OpenAI, as it removes potential legal barriers to using a broad range of data for training purposes.

  • The announcement comes amid controversies and lawsuits over the use of copyrighted images for AI training, such as the case of Getty Images suing Stability AI for using 12 million of its images in training data without permission.

  • The story is ongoing and future updates will provide more information on the implications of this policy.

AI: The Undiscovered Country
A (very!) brief overview of AI law &
how to integrate ChatGPT in your workflow
By Marc Hoag

Presented by the Beverly Hills Bar Association

June 13, 2023, 12:30pm - 1:30pm PDT

1.0 hour CLE credit

  • US healthcare provider Carbon Health has integrated an AI tool, powered by OpenAI's GPT-4, to generate medical records based on patient-physician conversations.

  • With patient consent, their interactions are recorded, transcribed by Amazon's AWS Transcribe Medical service, and then processed by an ML model to generate consultation notes.

  • The system, named Carby, can produce consultation summaries in four minutes, significantly faster than the 16 minutes it would take a doctor. This efficiency allows clinics to accommodate more patients.

  • While AI-generated text needs verification for potential errors, Carbon Health reports that 88% of the output is acceptable without edits. Doctors are always responsible for reviewing, editing, and validating the medical summaries.

  • The tool is currently supporting over 130 clinics, increasing patient throughput by 30% in a testing clinic in San Francisco.

  • Other providers and startups, such as Abridge and Ambience Healthcare, are also developing similar AI transcription and summarization systems.

  • AI could potentially automate 44% of legal tasks, the highest of any profession except for clerical and administrative support, according to Goldman Sachs. Lawyers use AI for due diligence, research, and data analytics, often relying on "extractive" AI to find information within text.

  • More advanced "generative" AI, such as OpenAI's ChatGPT, could improve legal research and document review. These AI systems can comprehend nuanced phrases and are being integrated into the practices of law firms like Allen & Overy.

  • AI's potential to transform the legal profession includes reducing big law firms' manpower advantage by enabling smaller firms to process large amounts of documents, changing how firms bill their clients, and potentially reducing the number of lawyers needed in the world.

  • A significant number of lawyers (49%) remain skeptical, mainly due to concerns about AI-generated errors ("hallucinations") and issues surrounding attorney-client privilege. However, with better technology and human checks, these concerns might be assuaged.

  • Despite fears of job losses, AI could make legal services cheaper and more accessible, particularly for small and medium-sized businesses, and could potentially increase the overall number of lawyers in the near term, as it might facilitate the establishment of solo practices.


  • Tappy: LinkedIn plugin for AI-generated comment replies.

  • Sivi: AI-generated text-to-mockups, designs, and more.

  • Lovo: Hyper-realistic AI voiceovers with 25+ emotions.


  • Gotion High-Tech, a battery R&D and energy solutions provider, has unveiled its lithium-iron-manganese-phosphate (LMFP) battery, which it claims could deliver a range of 1,000 km (621 miles) on a single charge for electric vehicles (EVs).

  • The LMFP battery chemistry is capable of achieving an energy density of 240 Wh/kg, which is significantly higher than the 190 Wh/kg offered by the company's current lithium-iron-phosphate (LFP) batteries.

  • The addition of manganese to the cell's chemistry is said to increase energy density while reducing weight and pack size, offering potential advantages for EVs. Additionally, the new LMFP battery, named "Astroinno," is expected to be 5% cheaper than conventional LFP cells in terms of dollars per kWh.

  • Gotion's LMFP batteries are also projected to be 20-25% less expensive than the more common nickel-manganese-cobalt (NMC) chemistry batteries, offering similar EV range capabilities.

  • Gotion expects the Astroinno LMFP battery to enter mass production as early as Q2 2024 at its facilities in the Anhui province of China. The batteries are said to have passed necessary safety tests.

  • German engine manufacturer MAN Energy Solutions will provide two industrial-sized heat pumps to Danish utility DIN Forsyning. These heat pumps will produce 350,000 MWh of heat annually, warming approximately 25,000 Danish households.

  • The heat pumps, which are the first to provide zero-emission thermal energy on an industrial scale, will be powered by clean electricity generated by local wind turbines.

  • The mechanism of the pumps involves drawing seawater from the harbor and extracting thermal energy from it before returning the water to the sea. The seawater warms and vaporizes carbon dioxide, the refrigerant, which is then compressed and sent to a heat exchanger where it reaches a maximum temperature of 150 C (302 F).

  • The system is capable of delivering water at 90 C (194 F) to the city's district heating network. The specialty of this system is its use of seawater as a heat source, CO2 as a refrigerant, and a hermetically sealed, electrically driven compressor to generate heat.

  • Another unique feature of the heat pumps is their ability to store heat, meaning that their production does not have to match consumption. This allows for the sale of excess electricity back to the grid, making the heat pumps a source of cleaner, cheaper heat and electricity. The heat pumps are expected to be operational by this fall.

  • Intramotev, a zero-emissions freight mobility solutions developer, is providing its ReVolt battery electric railcars to Pennsylvanian coal mining company Iron Senergy to reduce emissions in the mining sector.

  • The St. Louis-based company, founded in 2020, develops autonomous, zero-emission rail solutions that decrease costs and promote environmental responsibility. Their products include the TugVolt battery electric railcar and the ReVolt railcar, which can capture energy using regenerative braking to reduce diesel consumption.

  • Iron Senergy has signed an agreement to operate three ReVolt battery-electric railcars across its 17-mile private line used to transport coal in Western Pennsylvania. The railcars are self-propelled and feature regenerative braking, reducing the load on the traditional diesel locomotive.

  • When delivered, the deployment will mark the world's first use of self-propelled battery-electric railcars in a traditional freight train, setting a new precedent for "clean tech" mobility in freight industries.

  • Intramotev is also developing all-electric locomotives as part of their effort to further reduce emissions in the rail sector. The three ReVolt cars are expected to be delivered to Pennsylvania in Q4 of this year.


  • Plus, a developer of automated and fully autonomous driving systems, has chosen Luminar as its exclusive long-range LiDAR provider for its PlusDrive assisted driving system designed for commercial vehicles.

  • Luminar is an industry-leading automotive component company, known for its LiDAR and machine perception technology. The company has partnerships with major automakers like Volvo Cars, Polestar, and Mercedes-Benz.

  • Luminar's Iris LiDAR technology meets the stringent performance and reliability requirements for Class 8 commercial trucks and can provide road visibility approximately 20 seconds ahead at highway speeds.

  • PlusDrive, an AI-based system that enables supervised autonomy, is used commercially by large freight fleets. The integration of this system with Luminar's LiDAR technology aims to make commercial trucking more cost-effective and safer.

  • Besides becoming each other’s exclusive component providers, Plus and Luminar will potentially collaborate on Luminar’s commercial vehicle insurance program, HD mapping, and a sensor integration system called "Blade."

  • A Waymo autonomous vehicle struck and killed a small dog in San Francisco last month, according to a report filed with the California Department of Motor Vehicles.

  • The incident occurred when the dog ran into the street in front of the self-driving car. Despite the autonomous system and the human safety operator in the car detecting the dog, the collision was deemed unavoidable due to the dog's speed and path.

  • Waymo stated that neither the autonomous system nor the safety operator braked to avoid collision due to the "unusual path" and "high rate of speed" of the dog.

  • This event could potentially impact public perception of autonomous vehicles, which is critical for their adoption and commercialization. Studies show trust in autonomous vehicles decreases after a crash.

  • The incident could potentially prompt investigations from regulatory bodies like the National Highway Traffic Association (NHTSA), although there are no open investigations at present.

  • Waymo is expanding its autonomous taxi service and plans to begin charging fares for fully autonomous rides in San Francisco, making this event a critical time for the company.

  • Elon Musk critiqued General Motors' autonomous vehicle technology, particularly their Cruise self-driving system.

  • Musk commented on Twitter that Cruise's technology was "brittle to local conditions and doesn't scale", implying it doesn't handle unanticipated situations well.

  • Musk suggested that autonomous driving should be about handling unanticipated situations and obstacles, and a technology that fails in this regard will also fail overall.

  • According to Musk, GM's Cruise division failed to anticipate the complexity of autonomous driving, as demonstrated by an incident involving a Cruise vehicle being stopped by construction barriers.


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Thanks for reading!

-Marc 👋

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