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  • ✨92. 🙂Anthropic's Claude 2 'friendly' chatbot now available | ☢️OpenAI's Sam Altman takes nuclear power startup public for $500M | 🚗US to decide on GM's AV deployment

✨92. 🙂Anthropic's Claude 2 'friendly' chatbot now available | ☢️OpenAI's Sam Altman takes nuclear power startup public for $500M | 🚗US to decide on GM's AV deployment

PLUS: AI tools running out of training data✨revolutionize PPC game with ChatGPT✨1 GW solar + salt + shrimp farm 3-in-1 power station✨Yosemite Clean Energy to build hydrogen plant✨Aptera's lowest drag coefficient car✨NIO's Navigate on Pilot ADAS available in Beijing


Dear readers: You’ve all been awesome in your support of Future Perfect, and it’s clear how much you all love this newsletter. Thank you so much.

Unfortunately, Future Perfect is simply not scaling up subscribers as fast I’d like — this can only happen if you all help share it with your friends and colleagues! — so it’s really not worth my time to continue at the present pace.

So going forward, what’s probably going to happen is one of the following:

  1. 😢 I stop producing Future Perfect altogether

  2. 🤖 I reduce Future Perfect to a more tightly focused AI-only newsletter

  3. ⚖️ I merge Future Perfect into my new AI law practice blog (somehow; not sure how just yet) with a focus on AI & law, obviously

You should expect these changes by issue #100 at the latest (i.e., July 24), for better or worse. As of this writing, I honestly don’t know which path I’m going to take yet.

So if you have any thoughts or feel like sharing any feedback, just reply to any of my newsletter emails or write me directly at [email protected].


-Marc 👋


  • Stuart Russell, a computer science professor at UC Berkeley, warns that generative AI tools like OpenAI's ChatGPT are "running out of text" to train on.

  • Russell explains that the strategy of training large language models is "starting to hit a brick wall" because there is a limited amount of digital text available for the bots to learn from.

  • The data-collection practices of AI developers, including OpenAI, are facing increased scrutiny, with concerns about data replication without consent and the depletion of high-quality language data.

  • A study conducted by Epoch estimated that machine learning datasets will likely deplete all high-quality language data before 2026.

  • Lawsuits have been filed against OpenAI alleging the use of copyrighted materials and personal data to train ChatGPT, including one by comedian Sarah Silverman and two authors. OpenAI has not publicly commented on the lawsuits.

  • Anthropic's AI chatbot, Claude, is now available for public testing in the US and UK.

  • Claude is described as a friendly and helpful chatbot that can perform tasks such as creating summaries, writing code, and translating text.

  • Unlike other chatbots like Bard and Bing, Claude is guided by a set of principles and uses a "constitution" to revise its responses without relying on human moderators.

  • The new version, Claude 2, has improved capabilities compared to the previous model, including the ability to craft longer responses and better performance in math, coding, and reasoning.

  • Claude 2 is not connected to the internet and is trained on data up to December 2022, but it has a larger context window of around 75,000 words, allowing it to parse longer texts and provide summaries.

  • Public availability of Claude provides users with another AI chatbot option to interact with and explore its conversational abilities.

  • Automation in PPC marketing has been revolutionized by the introduction of ChatGPT and other large language models (LLMs).

  • Frederick Vallaeys, CEO of Optmyzr, shared tips on using GPT to improve PPC results.

  • GPT can be used to build campaigns, classify keywords, find keywords for existing ad groups, create ad text, optimize landing pages, enhance product pages, translate text, create unique imagery, develop audiences, and review campaign performance.

  • GPT's ability to automate these tasks saves time and improves efficiency in PPC marketing.

  • Marketers who can effectively leverage AI tools like GPT have an advantage over those who do not, highlighting the importance of understanding and utilizing AI in the industry.


Imagine you are a time traveler from the year 2023, who suddenly finds themselves in the midst of a medieval market fair in the year 1423. You are completely out of place with your modern-day knowledge, attire, and language, but you need to blend in to avoid attracting unnecessary attention.

Describe the following in your response:

Your immediate reactions and feelings upon realizing your situation.

The steps you take to adapt your language and behavior to blend in with the locals.

The ingenious ways you use your knowledge from the future to navigate the medieval world.

How you make use of the resources available in the medieval market to prepare for the days ahead.

The plan you devise to find your way back to the year 2023 without altering history.

Remember to weave your response with vivid descriptions that bring the medieval setting to life, and to incorporate elements of humor, suspense, and adventure to keep the narrative engaging.

Want to submit your own? Tweet me @MarcHoag!


  • Opus.pro: AI-generated short viral video clips from one long one.

  • Swimm.io: AI-powered code documentation in your IDE.

  • MindOS.com: Created autonomous AI agents for your professional tasks.


  • The Huadian Tianjin Haijing power station in China is a 1 GW solar power station that also produces salt and serves as a shrimp-breeding site.

  • The power station generates 1.5 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity annually, enough to power around 1.5 million households in China.

  • The solar panels are bifacial, benefiting from direct sunlight and reflected sunlight from the water below.

  • The solar panels are built over the Changlu salt fields, covering an area of more than 13 square kilometers.

  • The salt fields are used for aquaculture to breed shrimp, and the project is expected to save 500,000 tons of standard coal and reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 1.25 million tons per year.

  • The project demonstrates the integration of renewable energy generation, salt production, and aquaculture in a single site.

  • Yosemite Clean Energy is building a hydrogen production plant in Oroville, California, to create clean transportation fuel from forest biomass.

  • The plant aims to convert biomass into green hydrogen fuel, which can help mitigate the risk of wildfires.

  • CEO Tom Hobby states that the expensive part is the storage and transportation of the fuel, which can impact consumer costs.

  • Initially, the biofuel option will be offered to transportation companies, but the company plans to make it available to everyday consumers at a more affordable price.

  • Construction of the plant will cost around $250 million, with a $5 million grant from the California Energy Commission supporting the project.

  • Hydrogen fuel only emits water vapors, making it a cleaner alternative to gasoline that emits various pollutants.

  • OpenAI CEO Sam Altman is taking nuclear energy startup Oklo public through his SPAC, AltC Acquisition Corp.

  • Altman has been a lead investor in Oklo since 2015 and will merge the startup with his SPAC.

  • Oklo plans to build advanced nuclear fission power plants and sell power under long-term contracts to various customers, including data centers, defense facilities, factories, and industrial sites.

  • The company has secured three sites, including a commercial-scale advanced fission power plant in Idaho, scheduled to go online in 2026 or 2027.

  • Oklo's technology requires less land compared to traditional nuclear reactors and can run on recycled fuel. The company also intends to offer used nuclear fuel recycling services.

  • The merger is expected to be completed in early 2024, and Oklo will be listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker "OKLO."


  • Aptera's solar-powered, three-wheeled electric car prototype, called Gamma, is undergoing aerodynamic testing in Pininfarina's wind tunnel in Italy.

  • The company expects the Aptera to have the lowest aerodynamic drag coefficient of any production passenger car.

  • The car's teardrop shape with a pointed rear end reduces turbulent eddies and improves efficiency.

  • The prototype features three almost fully enclosed wheels to minimize aerodynamic disturbance.

  • Aptera aims to create an exceptionally efficient vehicle with a combination of low drag coefficient, enclosed wheels, and a small profile.

  • The company claims the vehicle will be the most efficient on the planet and require no charging for most daily use due to its large solar panels.

  • NIO's Navigate on Pilot (NOP+) advanced driver assist software is now live in Beijing, marking a milestone for the company.

  • The software achieved full coverage on urban ring roads and expressways within Beijing's fifth ring road.

  • NIO is the second EV maker to launch advanced driver assist software in Beijing, following XPeng.

  • NOP+ is based on NIO's next-generation NT 2.0 platform and offers features like entering and exiting ramps, optimal lane changing, and active passing.

  • During beta testing, NIO's driver assist software accumulated over 26.6 million miles.

  • NIO plans to introduce new features, including a 3D Birds Eye View (BEV) and expand the system to include battery swaps in highway service areas.

  • U.S. regulators will soon decide on a petition by GM's Cruise self-driving technology unit to deploy up to 2,500 self-driving vehicles annually without human controls.

  • The petition seeks approval to deploy vehicles without steering wheels, mirrors, turn signals, or windshield wipers.

  • The decision will address the issue of whether computer-driven vehicles need to comply with safety standards designed for human drivers.

  • Cruise currently operates a limited service in San Francisco with a small fleet of Chevrolet Bolt vehicles.

  • GM had previously petitioned the NHTSA in 2018 to allow a car without steering wheels or brake pedals on U.S. roads but withdrew the petition in 2020.

  • The NHTSA is considering establishing a new program to provide transparency and oversight for AV deployment.


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Thanks for reading!

-Marc 👋

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